Five simple steps for creating a JHA for your company

A job hazard analysis (JHA) is a crucial safety tool used in construction to identify and mitigate risks before starting a job. Larger contractors often require JHAs, but it’s beneficial for any company to integrate them into their safety protocols. Here are the five steps to complete a JHA:

  • Understand the JHA Format: Determine if the general contractor requires a specific JHA form or if the company can use its own. If needed, templates can be found online or requested from the general contractor.
  • Review the Scope of Work: Collaborate with project management, foremen, and field staff to fully understand the tasks and potential hazards involved in the work.
  • Identify Hazards and Controls: Analyze each task to identify potential hazards and establish controls or process improvements to mitigate risks.
  • Complete the JHA Form: Thoroughly fill out the JHA, detailing job steps, potential hazards, and recommended controls to ensure comprehensive risk management.
  • Review and Improve: Regularly review and update the JHA to account for new challenges and ensure continuous improvement in safety practices.

Additionally, JHAs should be used in incident investigations to identify previously unrecognized risks and update safety procedures accordingly. Overall, JHAs foster collaboration between project safety, management, and field staff, enhancing workplace safety.

Kevin Holhonen, Health and Safety Manager

How to Perform a Job Hazard Analysis